I forbindelse med FNs internasjonale jentedag 11. Foto: Liv Tone Otterholt, Microsoft Norge. Vi har en egen nettside for bedrifter om "Girls Takeover". Medlem i Initiativ for etisk handel. Fra utstillingen The Magic Hour. Foto: Mariell Lind Hansen.
The Proposition also expressed concern with the massive import of foreign films. Active proponents, in particular Kristoffer Aamot, were at the time fighting for better terms for film production, and in a key article in Arbeiderbladet in 1946 he states that the government has a cultural obligation to facilitate Norwegian-language films (Iversen 2018, p. As in the rest of Europe, the threat of Hollywood felt real, and the government recognised that the film sector Dating norway in Bodo not be revived without state subsidies. In these early discourses on film policy, the focus was on building and sustaining national film production. The Norwegian film sector was small and funding was scarce. It was rational to centralise and consolidate such a fragile sector. The regional sectors across Europe have had a significant growth from the mid-2000s onwards. According to the latest statistics available (2018), there are 195 film agencies operating at local and regional levels in Europe. The regional agencies are responsible for over EUR 500 million designated for the creation of European regional films (Newman-Baudais 2018, p. In Norway, the regionalisation was driven largely by local authorities and entrepreneurs. Nonetheless, changes in national film policy were significant for these developments. In Mobil Dating Oslo, State Proposition no. A new labour government took office in 2018 and its Ministry of Culture and Church had great ambitions on behalf of Norwegian cinema. The White Paper featured an ambitious set of objectives for the future of Norwegian cinema. It also consolidated the economic agenda of film policy by introducing specific performance-based objectives that were to be achieved through new automatic and market oriented subsidy schemes. Furthermore, White Paper no. This is not to say that the regionalisation of the Norwegian film sector was a result of White Paper no. Local and regional authorities had already committed to the first regional agencies. One was the economic objectives introduced in film policy at the time. That is to say, the state would not spend any more on bureaucracy. This meant a doubling of the production funds, or in the words of State Preposition no. In the Einarsson Committee report, one of three reports that preceded White Paper no.
Norway in Bodo Dating?
They considered it likely that a company based in Bergen, for instance, would be more interested in investing in a film made in Bergen than in one made elsewhere. In this regard, the regional film sector is an opportunity for the state to relieve itself of some of its financial responsibilities.
In other words, the state were financing regional film agencies because they believed that the organization of these agencies would generate new capital for film Boo. In White Paper no. These statements demonstrate that the cultural objectives are prevalent in Norwegian film policy. Bodk also acknowledge that Norway is not a homogeneous Dating norway in Bodo, and, accordingly, norwxy national cinema should reflect a multitude of identities and cultures. There was a growing discontent with the degree of centralisation in the film sector, as well as with the lack of diversity represented on film. The paper suggested that the latter could be achieved by strengthening local film production. Norway is a country with scattered settlement patterns and strong regional identities. Regional differences have played an important role in political mobilisation, in the creation of political parties, and in voting behaviour (Bakke 2018, p. This sentiment includes not only the right to employment and public welfare nationwide, but also an equal and democratic distribution of cultural benefits. Decentralisation has been a prevalent idea in cultural policy since the 1970s. The notion that Norwegian cinema should reflect regional differences stems from the same ideas of cultural democracy and decentralisation. The objectives stated in White Paper no. Not only are they to generate new funding to film production, both public and private, they are also expected to diversify Norwegian cinema. The majority of Norwegian regional agencies were created between 2018 and 2018, and the Dating i Oslo support of local and regional authorities was crucial for their development. Before I go on to discuss the role of local authorities in these developments, however, it is important to note that the first two regional film Dating norway in Bodo began their operations many years earlier.
Bodo Dating norway in?
In the late 1970s, a group of film workers in Northern Norway took the initiative to form a regional film centre. Nordnorsk Filmsenter AS (Northern Norway Film Centre) was established in 1979, and, after a trial period, the centre was formally in place by 1981. The centre is owned and funded by the three northernmost counties in Norway Nordland, Troms and Finnmarkbut has received additional funding from the state since 1979.
The second regional film centre, Vestnorsk Filmsenter AS (Western Norway Film Centre), was established in 1994 in Bergen. The initiative to create the centre came from the local film community, but the initiators struggled to get the necessary funding in place. They eventually got financial support from the municipality of Bergen and the county of Hordaland. The Norwegian regional agencies compromises two groups: non-commercial film resource centres and commercial film funds. This model ensures continued support for non-commercial film making through the film centres while, at the same time, putting new emphasis on the commodification of film production through the film funds. Nordnorsk filmsenter and Vestnorsk filmsenter are both film resource centres with the main purpose of aiding the regional film community. The centres Dating norway in Bodo no commercial agenda and funds are allocated exclusively to film workers based in the region. The centres offer funding for the development and production of short films and documentaries. Local and regional authorities covers the centres operational costs, while the state finance their activities and production fund. The main objective of the commercial film funds is to build and sustain a regional film production.
In Bodo norway Dating?
In interviews, the CEOs of the ln funds express a strong desire to build a film industry. They also criticize the lack of attention given to the business aspects of film production in Norway and regard themselves as pioneers in this area. The first regional film fund in Norway, Film3, was created in Lillehammer in 2001. Lillehammer Kunnskapspark set up a council, whom decided to take advantage of the film- and television expertise in the region. Lillehammer was already home to a range of Film and Television Studies, as well as the national film school. For instance, in 2018 FilmCamp received 2 468 750 NOK in state subsidies earmarked the creation of works. This was matched by 2 530 000 NOK in regional subsidies, and 4 998 750 was channelled into film Datihg. The film fund FUZZ Dating norway in Bodo received 2, 5 million NOK in state subsidies in 2018. A new arrangement with the municipal of Bergen, where a Dating norway in Bodo sum would be allocated if private investors would match the sum, resulted in an allocation of 7, 5 million from the municipal.
In other words, local Datint regional authorities play an important role in the financing of regional film production. Today there are thirteen regional film agencies, and all of them are owned and partially financed by municipalities and counties. In addition to the two earliest centres, Nordnorsk filmsenter and Vestnorsk filmsenter, kn only two agencies initiated by Boco already existing film community, are FUZZ and Filmkraft.
We can thus see that most regional film agencies are political constructions. They are created in order to generate a regional film community, not in order to meet the needs of filmmakers already working in the region.